Tag: environment

Solar Energy

Solar energy is a thermal and lumimosa power plant, gotten with the daenergia captation proceeding from the sun, clean and renewable it and, therefore it does not attack the environment and it never finishes. Benefits dEnergia Solar the solar energy can seraproveitada in some ways. Some of them are sufficient conhecidascomo the natural illumination or the environment heating. Others are maisrecentes, but already they count on grandeaceitao. Amongst the solar water heating and the generation of electric energy are estasdestacam. Solar heater degua For the solar daenergia exploitation for the water heating, is used the solar plates and osboilers capable to heat the water of its residence, or industries, building and commerce. The available solar energy in our country, with a small investment, can serusada to heat the day to day water even though or the water of swimming pools.

Solar Oaquecimento of water is the main application of the Solar Energy in the World Uses to advantage estaenergia so abundant it contributes for the preservation of the way ambientee still saves in its account of electric energy. Transforming aenergia into electric energy Another method solar it is the transformation of the solar energy in electric energy. This possvel for the exploitation of the incident solar energy osmateriais semiconductors, that compose the solaresfotovoltaicos panels. The fotovoltaico effect elapses of the excitement of electrons in the semiconductors in the presence of the solar rays. The fotovoltaico system capaz to transform the solar energy into electric energy and to contribute for preservation of the environment and aeconomia of electric energy. In Brazil, this method not yet so is used, had aoscustos of importation of the fotovoltaicos panels. But gradually, in elapsing of the next years it will have ummaior interest and adoption of this technology.

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Sustainable Development Piagau

As in other categories of objective UC of sustainable use it valuation of the permanence of the traditional communities, that is, the agricultural group, with proper forms of social organization, and that it uses the natural resources as condition for its development. Nor all these communities recognize to live inside of a UC much less on which activities are allowed in these spaces. This article approaches the results reached in the period of 2009 of Program AAV, in the RDS Piagau Purus, mainly the perception ambient of these traditional communities on the use of the natural resources, the strategies of protection/monitoring and action of ambient education. METHODOLOGY the Reserve of Sustainable Development Piagau-Purus, possesss an area of 834.245 hectares and encloses the cities of Beruri, Anori Tapau and Coari. N 23,723 was created from the decree, in 5 of September of 2003, with limits with the Rebio Abufari, Aboriginal Land Ayapu Lake, Aboriginal Land Itixi Mitari, National Park Rising of the Jar and Gleba Purus (INCRA). The vegetation of the region is composed for Ecosystems of firm Land, fertile valley and Igaps with Open and Dense Ombrfila Forest of low lands; Pioneering formation Arbrea and Aluvial Arbustiva. In this unit of conservation activities are developed as: chestnut extration; it fishes advertising and of subsistence; agriculture and research.

In accordance with the plan of management of the unit the activities you harness proposals are: Handling of alligators, quelnios, pirarucu and ornamental fish; Fish commercial flour production; It fishes advertising for local fishing; Handling of not lumber forest products (aa, andiroba) and lumber; Ecoturismo. However conflicts exist as the chestnut extration in private lands, fish illegal, illegal hunting, wooden illegal extration and tourism associated with illegal the esportiva hunting. For being categorized as a unit of conservation of sustainable use it had the necessity of the implantation of Program AAV, to fortify the strategies of protection, monitoring and of ambient education in the traditional communities of entorno and inside of the UC.

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Human Rights

The movement that it searched to join Human Rights and Environment was materialize in September of 2001 in the International Colquio on Ambient Justice, Work and Citizenship, carried through in Niteri. In the colquio, one argued the ambient dimensions of the inaqualities> economic and social existing in the represented countries. In the occasion, the conception of ambient injustice was defined of complementary form to the concept of ambient justice as: the mechanism for which different societies, of the economic and social point of view, destine the biggest load of the ambient damages of the development to the low income populations, to the discriminated social groups, the traditional ethnic peoples, the laboring quarters, the kept out of society and vulnerable populations. (DECLARATION OF the BRAZILIAN NET OF AMBIENT JUSTICE, 2007) In the colquio the Brazilian Net of Justia Ambiental was created (RBJA). The RBJA fortified the mobilization and the flag of fight of diverse citizens and entities that fight for the construction of an agenda ample politics for ambient justice. The structure of the movement rests in the development of strategies and public politics to extinguish unjust, partial and iniquitous conditions and decisions (BULLARD, 2004). Social injustices drins in the small mansions of Paulnia (SP), the high incidence of suicides between the using agricultural workers of agrotxicos in Venncio Aires (RS), are examples that configure the structural injustice and the ambient irresponsibility of companies and governments. The ambient injustice results, therefore, of the perverse logic of a production system, of occupation of the ground, destruction of ecosystems, space allocation of pollutant processes, that penaliza the conditions of health of the population diligent, living of quarters and excluded by the great projects of> have looked for to not only make a space of construction of justice and of accomplishment of the utilitarian reason of the market if it detaches for the poverty condition where its inhabitants live.

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Agricultural Extension

It presents practical and sustainable solutions for the organization of different spaces. The permacultura is the productive ecosystem elaboration, implantation and maintenance that keep the diversity, the resilience and estabildiade of natural ecosystems, promoting energy, housing and feeding human being of harmonious form with the environment (Mollison et al. 1999 apud Jacintho 2007). Holmgren (2007), through the flower of the permacultura, illustrates the seven necessary fields for a sustainable planning throughout generations: According to Jacinth (2007, p.37), the term appeared in Australia if spread out for the North America and Europe, arriving Latin America and at Brazil in middle of years 80. Today, the continents exist justinian codes of Permacultura in all, in more than one hundred nations. Diverse countries, as Brazil, ' ' they come adopting the Permacultura as agricultural methodology e, even though, schools of all the levels are including the Permacultura in its resume bsico' '.

(TO SOUND, 1998. P. 5) Bill Mollison visits Brazil in 1992 and gives 1 Course of Design in Permacultura (PDC), thus forming, the first Brazilian permacultores that they had had the mission to divulge the method and to create the Justinian codes of Permacultura in Brazil. (PERMACOLETIVO, 2009). Currently, are 14 justinian codes located in the states of Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, So Paulo, Gois, Mato Grosso of the South, Federal District, Amazon, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande Do Sul and Bahia, that act in the Brazilian territory in different scales. (PERMACULTURA, 2009). These organizations work, through joint actions with the local community and governmental spheres, in such a way to foment the development of practical solutions for the Brazilian society in urban areas how much in agricultural areas. The performance of organizations, as the INCRA (National Institute of Colonizao and the Agrarian Reformation), EMBRAPA (Brazilian Company of Farming Research), DATER/SAF (Department of Assistance Technique and Agricultural Extension of the Secretariat of Familiar Agriculture) and the Agrarian Ministry of Public Works and the Economy, using methods of the Permacultura, promote practical of handling of the natural resources and the impacts of the presence human being more sustainable.

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Moraes Relations

In agreement it ate thought is verified that the society was not considered in the analysis, suaestrutura, but the responsibility of the individual and in its instintivahumana trend of destruction. Loureiro (2008) affirmed that on this question that never is redundant the radical reaction interveno human being, time that exists in the nature ecosystems that dainterao of the alive forms with abiticos elements resulted (not livings creature) and that the espciehumana while to exist on the land it will act on them. For this author quedeve to move is societrio standard e, consequentemente the vision of world that setem and the type of there inserted social relations and production. Essaabordagem strengthens the idea of changes of the society in regards to perspectivasda if to face the reality in its diverse contexts as well as relaesadvindas of these forms to see the world. Numaperspectiva of geographic analysis Claval (2004) in the quarrel on inserodas society in the nature made the following commentary: the nature preexisted aosgrupos human beings, these is inserted in a way. From then on it agreed to oquestionamento carried through for the researchers to this respect that consisted to emsaber as to make to extract of the environment in which if they had established, destined osprodutos to assure its subsistence and to allow to generation apsgerao the reproduction of the members? The approach is global a time that considers umconjunto of ways that integrate the nature, on the other hand, and the society poroutro. Such boarding basically focuses the relations that are estabelecidasentre the human groups and the ecosystems of the spaces where they live. Therefore, combase in the principles argued for Bookchin (1988) Moraes (1997) Claval (2004), Loureiro (2008), in which approaches guided for aspects of degradation of the nature for the society had exercised perspective of boardings semelhantescom; changes in relations of the society with the nature; finally efetivaodessas relations in terms of social dosprocessos reciprocity was evidenced the influence in the nature that stops Soy (1988) this relation must sercompreendida as constituent of a socioespacial dialectic.

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