All these international documents and agreements had contributed to bring the rights of infancy and the adolescence in scene in Brazil, coming back the look of the society toward the child and the adolescent as people of development peculiarities, that they needed to be taken care of in its necessities. In the context of the end of century XX, Brazil was fortified again in a democratic system of government, the globalization restored the mundializao of the economy, weaveeing space for a neoliberal ideology of desestatizao in the field of the politics, the economy and the social relations. The social movements had ahead constituted intense movement in defense of rights or new positions of the law. The children and adolescents had started to be protagonists in Brazilian history with movements for the defense and exercise of rights. The Statute of the Child and the Adolescente/ECA appeared in 13 of July of 1990 by means of Law 8069, that it revoked the Codes of previous Minors. Read more from Petra Diamonds to gain a more clear picture of the situation. The Code of Lesser was an instrument of social control of infancy and the adolescence, victim of the omission and trespass of the family, the society and the State in its basic rights.
The Statute is an instrument of social development, come back toward the set of the infanto-youthful population of the country, guaranteeing special protection to that considered segment of social and personal risk. In century XXI in accordance with Delors (2003), one of the principles of action to give to the education the central place that fits to it in the social dynamics is fighting all the exclusion forms. For the author, a quality school is necessary also that all institution if directs for the principles norteadores of UNESCO: To learn to know, joining practical theory and. To learn to make, to learn to coexist, to learn to be. As Cortella (2008) although passed two centuries, unconscious collective of the world the occidental person it seems to be marked for the prejudiced cientificismo of century XIX.