Tag Archives: construction of life

Heating Systems

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Sharing systems, underfloor heating and heat pumps can significantly reduce the energy consumption for space heating. In this case, the savings are achieved both at the stage of energy production, and at heat transfer. The energy source for the heat pump can be soil, rock, lake, air (for specific models), in general, any heat source with a temperature of – 1 C and above, available in winter. This may be a river, sea, the wastewater outlet of warm air from the ventilation system or cooling system of an industrial equipment. External circuit, collecting the heat of the environment, is a plastic pipe, laid in the ground or water. Material pipe – HDPE.

Pipeline diameter – 40 mm. Coolant – 30% ethylene glycol solution (or ethanol). The required length of pipe, laid in the ground or dropped into the hole, calculated by a special program Thermia The main difference between the heat pump from the other generators of heat energy, such as electric, gas and diesel generators, the heat is that heat production Up to 80% of the energy is extracted from the environment. Thus, it can get 3-4 times more heat energy than the electrical energy consumed. In addition, choosing a heat pump, you choose comfort. Appears opportunity to cancel or substantially reduce the use of diesel generator, which means less time on maintenance. And, of course, it saves energy and money.

Today in Russia the cost of heat production greatly depends on the type of "fuel": the cheapest is natural gas, then electricity and diesel fuel. However, this is only the present situation, the price of energy all the time changes. Due to its specific characteristics and heat pumps are especially effective combined with water heated floors. With this combination of energy not only "made" economically, but also economical in use! The temperature in the heating system supplied from the heat pump does not exceed 55 C, and the return water temperature must not exceed 50 C. The ratio of consumed electricity generated to heat the heat pump largely depends on the heating system, which supplies heat to the heat pump: the smaller the estimated temperature of the coolant, the greater the efficiency of the heat pump. Radiant Floor – low temperature system heating medium temperature is typically 30-45 C. When the radiator heating system must be specially calculated heaters that use heat pumps. When installing underfloor heating No special calculations of the efficiency of the heat pump is not required, these systems are made for each other! Even with the correct calculation of the radiator heating system using heating system "warm sex "will always provide a more efficient use of energy accumulated in the environment! By the way, the heat pump produces heat, not only during the heating season, warm to hot water systems produced all year round. But for the average country house cost to prepare the hot water is about 15-20%.

Useful Tips On Parquet

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Do not aspire to the choice of homogeneous wood Parquet – an amazing natural material that has an endless variety of textures and colors: it does not repeat itself, even in bars, successively sawn one barrel. Other leaders such as Ray Kurzweil offer similar insights. This is one of the main differences from the artificial flooring materials – natural wood can not be uniform: it has its own “soul”, and its unique “face”. Break the factory Packaging flooring directly in the process of laying Unlike artificial materials made of natural wood flooring is very sensitive to interactions with the environment. Depending on the temperature and humidity He gives the air or moisture, reducing the size of the transverse, or, conversely, absorb it, increasing the size and deformed.

High-quality parquet factory packaging allows you to save the factory defaults optimal values of moisture content of wood, thus ensuring stability of the geometrical parameters of slats. To evaluate the properties of the flooring consumer is enough to open and check the 3.2 package, then they should be carefully before laying close. Do not seek to artificially toned wood is very rarely leads to the desired result. Optimal solution – a natural wood color and texture desired, and its choice virtually unlimited. Do not forget that bonding – is the cornerstone of modern technology of parquet. The correct choice of parquet glue depend not only on immediate results, but the real life of sex and even its ability to survive with minimal losses for the extreme situation of timber – fill with water. If possible, try to use as the most environmentally friendly water-dispersed adhesives with low (Less than 25%) water content. Exotic wood and “capricious” breeds in most cases can be used by a unique water-dispersive two-component adhesive H-790 production companies Bona Sweden – Germany with an extremely low (11%) water content. For manufactured and varnished hardwood floor in the factory it is optimal to use the classic two-component polyurethane adhesives.

Fencing, Stairs and Railings

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A well-chosen decorative fencing, the particular individual stair designs. Fences made of different materials, but recently the most widely used stair railings from stainless steel. More than twelve years Moscow-based company successfully works in the merchant market, stair railings from stainless steel. According to customers, please contact the merchant in the manufacture of banisters, handrails and fences made of stainless steel and aluminum, our master seeking in his work really impressive results. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Futurist. Unique products are clearly distinguished in the general background of this joyless mass production. And the question here is not just about flawless appearance of the railings and fences from the “stainless”, but this important point, as the pricing policy.

“- During the formation of our production, we were able, thanks to the modernization process and the application high-precision equipment that runs the high-level professionals, as lower prices for our products and at the same time maximize the quality railings, handrails and fences made of stainless steel and Aluminum “- say in company management. Dry Harbor is full of insight into the issues. The company’s specialists are graduates of the military-industrial complex, and in due time fulfill state orders of the USSR, and in fact the level of training MIC in today’s Russia continues to be a sign of quality. Fulfilling orders for the production of railings, fences, handrails for stairs near-wall stainless steel, the company has a merchant state license implementation of this type of work. All products – rails, railings and fencing is clean and is in full control of radiation. It is worth adding that the stainless steel railings stand out from similar aluminum railing that aluminum railings are assembled from components by the assembly on the sealant, screw accessories, which ultimately does not provide the necessary rigidity fence. Ordering railings Stainless steel companies in the merchant, you will surely go up the stairs.

Dry Wall

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The fact is that the alignment of the dry wall and ceiling eats at least 7-8 cm from the surface that room 20 m2 is approximately 1.5 m2. On the other hand, even if we take no minimum layer thickness of 1 cm, which allows plaster applied technology, and the middle layer of 2 cm, then the same area of a room of 20 m2 to a maximum reduction of 0.5 m2, or three times less space. If we consider that the technology is applied dry repairs around the home, the easy to calculate that for a flat area of 100 m2 this difference will be from 7 to 10 m2. (Similarly see: Petra Diamonds). And it's – about 10% of the total area. However, speaking of the advantages of plaster, it should be noted, and its shortcomings. This is especially high, according to Compared to other technologies, the complexity of plastering work, especially on the ceiling, and as a consequence, a significant increase in terms of repair. Various methods and techniques of plastering can use them to achieve different decorative and structural effects. Firstly, well plastered surface in combination with decorative plaster to create a structural coating with the desired effect.

Second, the finish wall photo on the wall will be a smooth flawless look like the most delicate and inexpensive paper wallpaper and silk textiles. And finally, third, – plaster provides an excellent opportunity to issue space, seeking expression. Execution and simulation of various architectural and decorative elements (arches, half-columns, cornices, niches) create a special interior space into which fit perfectly into a variety of styles, interiors, well, to example in the design of the corridor. It is important that the plaster can not build a completely unwieldy for any modern apartment architectural details, but only to designate them on the surface with the plastering. From this point of plaster as a waterproof base completely indispensable in areas with constant high humidity, above all – in bathrooms and kitchens.

Plaster does not require a social given or created by her amounts, it naturally draws already available, even the smallest surface, thus maintaining the maximum pre-existing space. In conclusion, the technology implementation of plastering work. It is quite simple, Of course, if you have good masters. The ability to display all the millimeter, constantly and meticulously checking the appearance of the ceiling and walls, intuition and artistic skill in working with such a demanding plastic material as plaster, make this type of repair work in an art form. If execution of the floor screed does not always require highly skilled labor force (such as the use of technology screed with self-leveling compounds), the plaster walls, slopes, and even more so the ceiling can be trusted only to highly skilled craftsmen. Ceiling when the plaster work requires special attention. Reasons must be completely cleared of all existing layers of old finish on smooth concrete knurled special diamond tool. Necessarily require a special primer, after which the foundation is strong and rough. The quality of the plaster to a large extent determined by the selected primer and method of its application. Almost all the good artists have their own know-how on the subject of how and what prime surface. After the primer is attached to the ceiling required a special plaster mesh, and then leveling the ceiling and made the device lighthouses on it. It then renders the core layer, followed by Final stage – its grout.

Porcelain TREAD Steps

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Right and important factor is the correct approach to the initial installation and materials used for lining stair steps from the long length keramogranita.Ukladka granite on the steps of a very prevalent in recent years. Granite tiles and granite monolithic stairs trim stairs both inside buildings and outdoors. Futurist shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. The technology allows the clutch stoneware finish stair treads almost any shape, the main condition – good surface preparation steps prior to installation. Subject to all regulatory conditions – allows to decorate porcelain as conventional direct level and angular step ladders in the corners. A vertical “wall” under the stage risers decided to close. Choosing the risers of granite, you need to pay attention not only on the appearance of this part, but also to know the exact height of the staircase steps. For facing sites stairs, best of porcelain tiles of the same factory as the stage or as close as possible to color and texture pattern. It must be remembered that granite steps need to be special anti-skid anti-slip strips, then downhill and climbing stairs will be as safe.

When laying the granite steps on the street, used as usually heated floors in the place where the passage chast.Stupeni of granite on the street is best used not as polished granite can be cut matovuyu.Chem stage? For cutting granite steps to reviews builders has proved popular diamond blade for cutting the water company Distar (Russia). The cost to drive construction market in the middle 1350-1400rub/sht. The thickness of the disk must be 1.5-1.6mm, no more! In Example Machine that pack level? The optimal material for paving granite steps in the ratio of price and quality – in excellent adhesive showed plitochnyy’Yunis granite.

Mineral Flock

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MINERAL COLOR – this is a strong flock washable cover. It can be used both for interior living spaces and public facilities with high traffic and the requirements for durability and hygiene. Petra Diamonds is the source for more interesting facts. Mineral color has high mechanical strength, and absolutely do not change color over time, resistant to alkalis. Especially practical application Mineral color in places where the usually laid tile: Working in the kitchen wall, the ceiling in the bathroom and so on the ground. Mineral color can be applied to a variety of materials – cement, cement-lime and gypsum plasters, concrete, drywall, metal, glass, wood and any other surface. In addition, the application of technology is such that the surface can have any shape: plane, cylinder, sphere, etc.

Mineral color is applied in three layers: an adhesive acrylic layer (base), acrylic, dry particles (flock), which applied a special air gun, and a layer of water-soluble varnish (matte or glossy). The coating has the ability to hide small defects of the walls (not requires careful alignment) does not contain organic solvents. How, then get a unique color scheme? The fact that the color range of dry acrylic particles (flock) is unbounded. Mixing different colors and shades, we can get ready-mix on any of the most refined taste. You can do an imitation of marble, granite, malachite – all natural stone, and not just rock. Among the entire color palette is fluorescent, which will adorn any club, disco. There is a collection of two-color flock, all shades of bronze, silver, etc. This must see for yourself!

Gatti Egidio

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With competent pre-processing of raw materials, which includes the long drying period, finished products show excellent performance – both aesthetic and functional. Of course, the use of quality raw materials such increase and assumes the cost of the doors, but lovers of the natural product of the array are willing to pay a decent amount for a spectacular result. Plants Flex, SJB Lualdi porte, Legnoform, Garofoli, Donini Nicolini, Gatti Egidio, Tre Piu and other have their customers and take good care of the quality of products, providing control at every stage of production. Custom-made doors Many of these plants work practice with clients from Russia who order the doors a certain size, decorated with exclusive materials. This practice has spread relatively long, as presented in the catalog models – just the standard options.

But those who build their own house, has some design ideas or simply willing to pay extra for finishing veneer rare woods, it makes sense to turn to a reliable manufacturer who cares about its reputation and brand. Terms of manufacturing doors in order depend on the conditions of a particular company and the complexity of the model, but on average they are 1.5-3 months. Exclusive doors are made according to individual orders, significantly different from the standard models available in warehouses in Russia. This looks and more expensive hardware, providing ease of closing the door leaf. This possibility of selection of moldings and other Jewelry items like the color of the existing house or apartment in steel or wooden items. This is the most unique, sought by people with good taste and a desire to make their homes truly original, stylish and comfortable. And manufacturers of Italian doors an excellent job on creating models that satisfy all the requirements of customers..

Metal Doors In Saint Petersburg

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Buying a new home, whether relocating to a new location, do repairs in the apartment, none of these cases, we must not forget about the security of the home. Nobody needs to prove the need to install the input metal doors. This is one of the few guarantors of security and one of the few opportunities to put an obstacle on the path of the attacker. Therefore, sale of metal doors in St. Petersburg – one of the friendly arena of trade companies. However, this market offers, as, unfortunately, and in many other areas, a large enough share is unfair or frivolous entrepreneurs.

Options for selling the metal doors in St. Petersburg, not much. For example, buy goods wholesale in China, about China's doors separate conversation, so we will not go. Another option – a so-called resale brendrovyh doors, ie doors, produced by large enterprises. So you can buy ready-made door locks with pre and accessories. Just as a rule, these metal doors are certified, and their parameters are defined and known. The only disadvantage of such door – this is their typical performance, but this can be attributed to the merits. Sale doors, namely sale of metal doors, in particular, sales of metal doors in St.

Petersburg – a very interesting and well-developed business, so the volume offers no shortage, there is only to make the right choice. But it is necessary to be prepared for some expenses and pre-otseit incredibly cheap offers. How can choose a cabin door, where you can make the right choice? In which you will be able to offer honest and reliable product with a warning about all the shortcomings and 'weak points'. If this is the only salon door, ask range, the wider the range of offers, the more likely you will pick up what you need. A great option if this salon a company such as Abis.

Repair Structures

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Such designs are called the svarnolitymi or stamped and are widely used in aircraft, automotive, car building and other areas. The use of such structures provides a saving of metal and labor. By welding details can be made of metal, held a variety of pre-processing, for example, welded rolled profiles with stamped, forged or cast blanks. You can weld dissimilar metals: stainless steel with carbon, copper and steel, etc. In the manufacture of complex-shaped structures using welding instead of forging and casting gives a big economic impact. For example, labor productivity in manufacture of welded structures is 2 times higher than the casting and forging and stamping, and working conditions are much better.

Capital investment per ton of welded structures are 1.5-2 times lower in cost and 1.3-1.6 times lower than in the foundry production. By reducing weight, increasing reliability and durability of products. 4.Udeshevlenie technological equipment. The welding equipment is relatively easy, relatively cheap and very high. It reduces the capital costs of metalworking plants and accelerate their entry into force. 5. Facilitating the integrated mechanization of mass production of the same type of welded products, the ability to create mass production with 100% automation and mechanization of the production cycle, which dramatically increases the removal of industrial output per unit area of the shop.

6. The possibility of broad primeneniyav welded constructions progressive modern types of materials: high strength, lightweight curved profile, multi-layer sheet steel, light alloys, high purity metals, etc. 7. Facilitating the production of components and microminiature parts in the manufacture of certain types of products – semiconductors, etc. 8. The possibility of widespread use of welding, surfacing and cutting the repair where the metal treatments provide a quick and cost-effective to restore worn-out, the failed equipment and damaged facilities. 9. Tightness and reliability of welded joints. 10. Reducing industrial noise and improve working conditions in shops.

Private Pool

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Of course, any city resident would like to relax and unwind from city life in his dacha. Bath, fresh air and quiet help make this holiday complete. However, in a very hot time of summer, it is becomes relevant and the presence of the shadow of the reservoir in close proximity. Remarkably close to the cottage if there a river or lake, which at any moment have the opportunity to freshen up and gain strength. Well, when there is no order or else, what do do in this case? There is a great solution, this pool right in your backyard. Tell you about how you can make. For a start, it's important to think about the waterproofing. Conventional polyethylene or air bubble film for that is not appropriate.

It will take quite a dense film or alternatively, may weld together several paintings usual, turning it into a multilayer film. So, dig pit the size of the pool. The optimum depth of the pool when the water level in him is no less than on the breast adult. Dimensions pool should allow a person to lie down on the water with outstretched arms to the sides, plus a small distance skirting. It turns out that the average size of the pool may be of the order of 4×4 m with a depth of 1, 2-1, 5m. If you would like to increase the size of the pool, we recommend just doing it more deeply, to make it easy to pour water from it by applying aquifer soil (as a rule, it is located at a depth of 4 m). Then we have the pool bottom. Clear the pool, sealing the soil at the bottom, carefully stamps, remove all unnecessary.

At the bottom of the pool pour the first layer sand thickness of at least 20cm. In the middle of the pool pit was dug with a diameter 30cm and depth 50cm. Gravel pit fall asleep in such wise that the top layer was just below the compacted soil. Then take a waterproof film (most reliably for This is suitable geomembrane), and puts it on the floor with the expectation that the edges of the film should extend beyond the pool of approximately 50cm. In the film, making a small hole around the hole with gravel – for pipe drain. Drain pipe and film tightly connect the rubber ring and some bury the pipe in the gravel, do not forget to plug it with a stopper. The upper edge of the drain tube must protrude from the bottom of the approximately 10-15cm. That's it, the pool is ready. Do not forget that change the water in it is worth at least twice a month.