Tag: industry

Spark Fabrication

Erosion (from Lat. Erosio – attack) – the process of destruction of the surface under the impact of shocks, friction, electrical discharges etc. Spark erosion is to change shape, geometric dimensions, the roughness surface under the action of electric discharges. The method was first proposed by Soviet scientists B. Lazarenko in the early 30-ies of XX century and became effective alternative to conventional machining, reducing the cost of manufacturing. Unfortunately, this method of treatment of products currently in Russia deserve forgotten, despite the diversity of its capabilities and worldwide recognition.

The method allows the following treatments: cutting hard metals Precision Milling, Grinding, Lapping Other methods used in the manufacture of molds, dies, extrusion dies, patterns, parts of a complex curvilinear Profile, tools, and various cutting tools, dental supplies. The essence of the method is electrical discharge machining. Machining of the workpiece and tool electrodes are (part-plus Machining tools – minus), placed in a special working conductive liquid. With the passage of an electric discharge between the electrodes of an arc and in places it is of local heating and subsequent evaporation of the metal particles with the formation of local depressions. The size of pits depends on the density of electrical energy. To get arcs that can destroy the surface workpiece using a pulse generator.

Almost all of the currently available tools, designed for ESS can be divided into several groups: broaching machines – the main technological problem of these machines is making the holes. The control system of the machine actually runs only one axis – Z. On the axes X and Y are installed optical ruler. On it by moving the electrode in a container with kerosene. The machine is mostly used for finishing products. Duplicating Machines Saddle – more complicated, "fancy" Saddle modification. They are used for the manufacture and finishing finishing details complex shapes, such as dies, molds, handling of the Deaf, cutting, angular grooves, burning internal threads in remote places. Have a high capacity for arable products. In addition, They established a system with CNC control pulse generator, and Items of the machine in the X and Y. Wire-cut-out machines – the main technological challenge of making it part of the hard tooling steel sections which are uncomfortable to handle the milling. Wire EDM can be used in the manufacture of products with a presence on the surfaces of acute internal corners, small radii or when machined parts or depth electrodes presents difficulties for milling. The main processing element – special (Molybdenum) wire, in irregularly wound bobbin and fed continuously in accordance with wear a special die. The control system is more complicated because of the need for control 5 axes: X, Y, Z, as well as U and V – to move the upper die with respect to the bottom. These shifts are necessary for the slope wire.

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Fire Alarm Systems

The need for fire alarms, of course, impossible to overstate: fire alarm in a timely manner and can quickly inform about the start of ignition, and thus help prevent fire and save property and lives. Despite this, the popularity of these systems have begun to acquire recently. And then equipped them, only those facilities that do not have the right to operate without them. In essence, the same fire signaling not only requires much greater range of industrial buildings, but is economically viable even on small enterprises. See more detailed opinions by reading what Ray Kurzweil offers on the topic.. There is always a possibility that as in the repair and construction work and in everyday use in the production of electrical equipment in offices.

Because it makes sense to review fire alarm systems for all types of premises. The means justify the purpose – fire alarms in large buildings This large firms were the first customers of fire alarm systems. Protect warehouse fire, large work space with a high risk factor, to protect exhibition halls, galleries of intruders. ConocoPhillips pursues this goal as well. Over time, they also were the first to buy the combined system of fire alarm, which simplified and installation, and respond to emergencies of various kinds. When using these systems can determine the cause of the fire and solve problems. Extinguish such a building is extremely difficult, and the size of losses can lead to bankruptcy of the entire company. Therefore, timely detected the fire and resulting operational service can not be overstated. In fact, a good fire alarm system can provide some of the features and fire-fighting, but they are very specific, depending on the size and specifications of the room.

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Wood Chips and Geogrids

The new technology uses wood chips, which is placed on the geogrid. The use of geogrids can redistribute the load to a large footprint and increase the bearing capacity of pavement coating. During the construction of an experimental plot in the woods visited all the project participants, the leadership of the Forestry Institute, representatives of enterprises road construction. After a series of passes on the pilot section of road 37-ton truck design decision proved to be effective. Strengthening the subgrade polyester geogrid significantly reduces the amount of earthwork, reduces labor, speeds up production and reduce construction costs.

The use of geogrids allows for uniform precipitation of subgrade. Not many dare to Similar experiments using geogrids, following the instincts of the old ways safer, but progress is moving forward. But there are those who develops innovative methods. As you know, all the new perceived with difficulty. To check and study of innovation, geosynthetics in construction of forest roads are best to go by experimentation and learn from the experience of predecessors.

This principle in his work on the development of oil and gas industry guided and UGC. The only thing we can say with confidence – and requires commercial roads will be built, and the sooner we think about their quality and application of technologies with geogrid reinforcement, the be able to save more in the future. Indeed, following the old canons of construction, the result is known to all … After several passages of heavy vehicles on the road, formed a deep rut. We, the transporters to solve this problem regular grading. Now you can get rid of koleeobrazovaniya, only increasing the profitability of times due to the quality of roads on new technology.

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Drilling Technology

Castles Castles of drill pipe to drill trubprednaznacheny to connect drill pipes in order to obtain the installation size you need. Our company manufactures and markets mining Screw-on locks for drilling pipes. They are executed in strict accordance with existing regulations and provide a reliable joint components of the drill string. We offer all the locks used sizes. Our locks to allow the drill pipe to collect drilling equipment suitable for use in all climates and in all geological conditions. The castle itself drill pipe is coupling and nipple.

Nipple attached to one end of the pipe and sleeve with a conical thread – the other, which provides a durable and leakproof joint of drill pipe. Locks are made of hardened steel and are specially hardening, which significantly increases their strength properties and increases their durability, which is of great importance for the reliable operation of the entire drilling device. Increase endurance drill string. Failures drillstring divided into two groups: sudden and iznosovye. To include the sudden failure resulting in breakage of the drill string during drilling. Most often this occurs as a result of fatigue damage on threaded drill pipe, pulling one from the other parts of the column due to fatigue themselves permission of thread turns in conjunction with the tube lock drill pipe or coupling. Much rarer in the sudden failure result of fatigue failure of the hinge groove joints or broken locks and drill pipe to pipe thread, as well as corrosion fatigue and brittle failure of drill pipe, couplings and lock for drill pipe.

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USSR Engines

Maps of measurement in the engines of the type of fault detection nvd 36, nvd 36-I: developed on the basis of proprietary design drawings, operating instructions for the engine, an album of drawings of spare parts is available from the Baltic TSPKB and practice operation and maintenance of these engines. Cards contain information on the measurement of nominal and maximum allowable contributions in service and gaps in the ship's machinery and engine parts. In addition, given the individual specific instructions on how to perform fault detection, background size, etc. In determining data gaps and wear with the release of the main engine or marine diesel generator of maintenance should be follow the instruction on the definition of the technical condition of ships. approved by order of the Minister of the Navy from number 58 26.03.62g. At 24 and 26 of Section III instructions stated: 'Assessment of technical condition of' good ' installed on-board mechanisms that meet the requirements of the Rules of the Register of the USSR and other classification societies, are serviceable, reliable in operation, passed all tests in found unfit for safe operation. Wear of parts and components shall not exceed 80% of the maximum allowable.

" Maximum allowable contribution should be considered as the wear limit, installed by the builders of the instructions and the form of engines, the rules of technical operation of marine diesel engines, as well as the data presented in these maps. In the case of a factory ship repair, and when combined with the regular maintenance four-year examination of the classification should be possible clearance in the joints and deviations from the engine geometry parts and components to result in nominal values. Such matters are subject to agreement with the shipowner, taking into account the expected duration of the engine without putting on the factory repair. Norms beats surfaces in the 'maximum permissible to use' do not include deviations from the geometric shape. Maps of measurement recommended for use in fault detection engines during repair of their factories, as well as prophylactic dissection and repair work carried out in operation. Account cylinders, bearings, journals and others in the measurement of the maps adopted by the flywheel. For the record, before and after repair using the same card (cross out the unnecessary record!)

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Technologies Of The Future

The question of what awaits humanity in the future, what we care about for a long time. We wonder what will be the man, his life and the environment. Science tries to explain this attraction mere curiosity, and argues that future not constant, it varies because it depends on many factors. One thing remains unchanged in this case – the fact that the invention of some scientists were not understood by their contemporaries. These findings were recognized only after large amount of time. What is it? Journey of man in time? Or inventors are the descendants of ancient Atlantis? Or maybe extraterrestrial civilization tells us what to do and how to live? The probability that at least one answer to these questions is positive = 0.001%. But it is! Now, let's think about what they are – technology of the future? We envision flying cars that fill the city, robots that do all the the hard work for human, universal pill (nanotechnology), who treat children CPU, psyche, many human fears and much more.

This picture we describe in the movies and books. But since we are far from it? Maybe The future is now? Let's think. What lies at the heart of our vision for the future? Human Life will be easier Labor Rights will be facilitated Technology and people will be inseparable concepts can also add other items. We have identified only the most basic. Life and work of man will be alleviated. At what expense? Because all the routine work, in our view, would serve as vehicles, machines and other equipment. This trend can be traced today. We do not see robots that walk the streets, serve us.

But this is the time. And now … a small block of electronics can be replaced by the development of a whole group of people. And this fact. An example is simple. Time relay series "MP". This programmable device is intended for automatic circuit – breaking the external circuit to the display timing. It can be used as a timer, the shaper of the periodic sequence, or a device-delay and (or) turn off devices when the control process. This device is actively used and the construction industry and other sectors industry. Experts say its efficiency, small dimensions and the possibility of using a wide range of settings per channel. It requires no special maintenance or operational conditions. Withstand severe handling and temperature fluctuations. And all that he requires from you – is the voltage 220V, 50 Hz and the maximum allowable current external circuits – up to 5 A at 220. Gauging devices capable of performing more accurate measurements, mathematical calculations. Man makes his life already and work. And with that we meet not only at work but at home. Our apartments are gradually fill all kinds of consumer electronics. Contemporary a bachelor life is much easier if he has money. Machine wash, microwave or electric oven will cook, a modern iron makes ironing a sheer pleasure. Even the washing machines can pat. So maybe the future already arrived? Or technology ahead of our development? It is worth considering. Thus, buying a particular device, we not only meets their needs most, but taking a step forward form our future. So let's make it even better. We are ahead of the future, because we can anticipate it.

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Roofing Decking

ROLE cultural features in the perception of color and linguistics at the culture of different peoples emotional and applied the color perception different, and due to the long historical tradition in the country, society and nation. Hence, different perceptions, for example, white and black (mourning or joy – from culture to culture, religion). Since the specific language and culture is accumulated in a particular historical experience of people of color representation in different people different things. Thus, in Russian, Ukrainian, for example, Polish, there are two separate words blue and light blue. In Unlike many other Germanic languages, in which a range of colors corresponding to part of the spectrum is covered by a single symbol, like English blue (Wed. it. blau and fr. bleu).

A similar system tsvetooboznacheniya blue-and-blue colors accepted in virtually all Slavic languages. This is due to the fact that our ancestors lived and grew as a nation among the brightest of nature by developing agriculture, the early start to lead a sedentary way of life, which was the basis of their own homes surrounded by beautiful scenery. Forests, fields, flowers, rivers, seas, abundance of fruits and vegetables, bright climate – all require their own names and definitions. Related to this is a rich vocabulary of designation of colors among the Slavic peoples. Exactly so long since color had to have a much greater importance than for other nationalities.

Even in the most distant inhabitants of the Ukrainian village tend to decorate the walls of the house, make a bright woodwork every year repaint the old tin roofs. With the development of advanced technologies become available to people Roofing Decking, in particular metal, which in recent years, a real boom. Industrial group "Arsenal" – leader in the production of this material in Ukraine, a separate emphasis on the retail, that is, private developers. Formed a broad sales network in Ukraine: 46 branches and 800 offices.

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Language Turbo Pascal

Object-oriented programming language Pascal was invented by N. Wirth in 1968 and was originally intended for teaching students programming skills. Although the creator of the language states that language Pascal is a much more opportunities than just training. Official publication of the language was made in 1970, after which the language became widely known. Over time, began to create a variety of dialects. The very first was a dialect of UCSD Pascal. This dialect has given life to such things as modules, accessing files, strings of different length, and others. In the early 80's by Borland was create a second dialect.

It was used in the programming environment, Turbo Pascal and more expensive environment Borland Pascal. In After 80 years in language capabilities were added to facilitate object-oriented programming. The latest version of Turbo Pascal was officially released in 1992. After her came a new version of the programming language – Delphi. Initially, the language used in the Delphi development environment of Windows. However, the developers at Borland released a product designed for the development of Linux.

This language was named Kylix. After the third version of the latest released Kylix, its development was stopped. The real breakthrough in the development of Pascal was the creation of compilers. They provide more opportunities for programming and have contributed to the portability of programs. For example, the famous, Free Pascal allows you to work in Turbo Pascal and Delphi. There is also a version of the language PascalABC.NET, which is a programming language for the platform, Microsoft.NET. This language was invented in the Southern Federal University, Associate Professor Mikhalkovich. In addition, there are so called language interpreter. For example, Larry Pascal, allowing you to create applications for mobile devices. The development of an interpreter was engaged in a talented developer, but he soon abandoned the development this project and gave the source code to other developers. More information can be found on our Turbo Pascal.

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