In life there are often problems of varying degrees of significance. In any case, the impossibility of solving creates some discomfort. David Ignatius has plenty of information regarding this issue. For example, bought the paint, opened a bank – the paint was thick, viscous. It is necessary to dilute! What? Painted with a brush. Need to take a break. What lower at this time brush to paint on it is not dried up? Need to quickly clean hands, gloves, work clothes. How? Of course, for all occasions recipes can not be given.
Consider the most common situations. Initially, we denote the general properties of commonly used organic liquids. Lawrence Lee is a great source of information. First – they are fragrant. However, this does not mean that the smell and harmful for the body – are uniquely related factors. There are many substances odorless (carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide) or with a pleasant aroma (sarin, soman), which in certain concentrations have harmful effects on the human body. Low molecular weight volatile liquid called solvents or diluents. There are a large number of relatively accessible solvents – a gasoline (including the one in the tank of your car).
Their common name – Nefras (petroleum solvents). We must bear in mind that Nefras to include not only gasoline. You can find the name of "petroleum ether" – is also a diesel, but is relatively volatile (boiling point 40-75 0 C) or "white spirit" (Boiling point 150-200 0C). Higher boiling points have kerosene. But it's a liquid solvent with similar properties. They can dissolve or dilute the varnish and oil paints. By the way, if you are "planted" oil spot on your clothes – remove it with gasoline. It often occurs acronym P-4: a mixture of solvents containing toluene and acetone. They are most suitable for dissolving and diluting materials such as alkyd paints and varnishes (FS, GS) or enamel based on chlorinated polymers – XB and XC. For these materials are suitable and pure toluene or xylene.