All our feelings, sensations, thoughts, emotional and motor answers, the learnings, the memory, the causes of the mental riots and any another perception of the man, cannot be understood without the knowledge of the process of communication between the neurons or nervous cells. We can define the neuron as a specialized cell and extremely estimulvel that, together with the cells of the glia (whose function is to give sustentation to the neurons and to assist its functioning), forms the nervous system. The nervous cells are constituted by four parts: the cellular body, that is the region where if it finds the nucleus and the majority of the cytoplasmic structures; the dendritos, that are fine and ramified prolongations that leads the caught stimulatons of the environment or other cells in direction to the cellular body; the axnio, responsible for leading the signals; the terminations of the axnio or buttons terminals. The neurons establish connections between itself, in way that can transmit to excessively the received stimulatons, thus creating a reaction in chain and allowing that to the cells of the brain ' ' they talk between si' '. This communication happens through sinapses. Thus, we call of sinapse the transmission of the information of a cell for the other. This happens through a very next region of contact enters buttons terminals of the previous neuron and the dendritos of the following neurons, thus the more sinapses if to develop, greater will be the learning throughout the life, since it is by means of these exchanges that the learning occurs. Of this form, it is possible to affirm that the more the human being, either in infancy, adult phase or oldness, to stimulate the brain, greater will be its capacity to learn.
From there the importance to make possible in the different classroom learning situations, with challenging questions that desperte the interest and the curiosity of the students. This can be favored in an environment that promotes interaction of the children, the exchange of experiences, the survey of hypotheses, the comment, the experimentation, the quarrel of the ideas in the attempt to solve the problems. It is very difficult to promote the advances in the development of the pupil when the content already ready and is finished, in a situation where the child does not need to reflect and to interact with the colleagues and the professor. It is necessary to guarantee to the educandos a diversity of resources, such as the reading and the moments of stories to activate the imagination and the creativity, the tray games or of logic, it breaks crossed head, words, musical activities that work the sounds, rhythms and steps, the artistic expression. In a similar way, the tricks and the diverse types of toys, in accordance with the etria band of the pupils, consider sufficient challenges in a playful and pleasant way. , At last innumerable they are the work possibilities to be carried through in classroom, given the importance of the stimulaton for formation of new sinapses. It is essential that the educator knows to intervine adequately in favor of the development and of the learning of the pupils.